Fremont County Emergency Management
Emergency Management Director
2014 290th Avenue
Sidney, Iowa 51652
712-374-3355 or 712-313-0182
Watches, Warnings or Advisories
Local Radar National Radar
EFFECTIVE IMMEDIATELY The Taylor Bridge Across the Nishnabotna River on 150th Street is Closed Indefinitely.
Effective August 5-November 8, 2013 Knox Road from 270th Avenue to Bluff Road
Fremont County Road Closures
L575 Highway 2 Bridge
Levee Setback Project:
185th Avenue from St Highway 2 to 2515 185th Avenue.
250th Street from 1864 250th Street to 185th Avenue.
Knox Road from 270th Avenue to Bluff Road:
Temporarily Closed July 29, 2013-November 1, 2013
November 7, 2013 Designated “Winter Weather Awareness Day” in Iowa
WINTER WEATHER AWARENESS
Each year, exposure to cold, vehicle accidents caused by wintry roads, and fires caused by the improper use of heaters injure and kill hundreds of people in America. Add these to other winter weather hazards and you have a significant threat to human health and safety. Winter storms can range from a moderate snow over a few hours to a blizzard with blinding, wind-driven snow that lasts for several days. Some winter storms are large enough to affect several states, while others affect only a single community. A major winter storm can last for several days and can include high winds, freezing rain or sleet, heavy snowfall, and dangerously cold temperatures. People can become marooned at home without utilities or other services. Heavy snowfall and blizzards can trap motorists in their vehicles and make walking to find help a deadly effort. Storm effects, such as severely cold temperatures and heavy snow, can cause hazardous conditions and hidden problems. The aftermath of a winter storm can impact a community or region for days, weeks, or even months, including steep economic costs.
Winter Weather Advisory
Accumulations of snow, freezing rain and/or sleet which may cause significant inconveniences and, if caution is not exercised, could lead to life-threatening situations are expected.
Winter Storm Watch:
Winter storm conditions are possible in the next 12 to 48 hours.
Winter Storm Warning:
Issued when hazardous winter weather in the form of heavy snow, heavy freezing rain and/or heavy sleet is occurring or expected to occur within the next 36 hours.
The wind chill temperature is not the actual air temperature, it is a “feels like” temperature; the temperature it feels like outside based on the rate of heat loss from exposed skin caused by the effects of wind and cold. As the wind increases, heat is carried away from the body at an accelerated rate, driving down the body temperature. Animals are also affected by wind chill; however, cars and other inanimate objects are not affected by wind chill since they cannot cool below the actual air temperature. The wind chill chart was developed based on joint U.S.-Canadian research. The chart includes a frostbite indicator, showing the points where temperature, wind speed and exposure time will produce frostbite on humans. Each shaded area shows how long a person can be exposed before frostbite develops.
Wind Chill Advisory:
Wind chill values between -20°F and -29°F are expected to occur within the next 36 hours.
Wind Chill Watch:
Wind chill values of -30°F or lower are possible within the next 12 to 48 hours.
Wind Chill Warning:
Wind chill values of -30°F or lower are expected to occur within the next 36 hours.
Winter precipitation comes in many forms, including snow, sleet, rain, and freezing rain, all with very different impacts. All types of winter precipitation fall from clouds in a frozen state. However, rain, freezing rain and sleet encounter warm air as they fall, causing melting. If the precipitation does not refreeze, it will fall as rain. A colder layer of air may exist near the ground causing the precipitation to refreeze. Depending on how deep this layer is, the precipitation could be freezing rain or sleet. These subtle differences make it very challenging for meteorologists to determine what form of precipitation is going to fall where, and how much will fall.
Freezing Rain Advisory:
Accrual of less than ¼ inch of ice is expected due to freezing rain within the next 36 hours.
Ice Storm Warning:
Accrual of ¼ to one inch or more of ice is expected due to freezing rain within the next 36 hours.
COLD RELATED EMERGENCIES
Severe cold can cause much harm; for example, it can damage crops and other vegetation and freeze pipes causing them to burst. Unusually cold temperatures are especially dangerous in areas not accustomed to them because residents are generally unprepared and may not realize the danger severe cold presents. Exposure to cold can cause frostbite and life-threatening hypothermia. Always remember to wear light, dry, loose fitting layers. Wear mittens or gloves (mittens are warmer than gloves) and a hat to prevent the loss of body heat. Cover your mouth to protect your lungs from frigid air.
Frostbite is damage to body tissue caused by extreme cold. Signals of frostbite include a loss of feeling in the affected area and skin that appears waxy, is cold to the touch or is discolored (flushed, white, grey, yellow or blue). Frostbite is most likely to affect extremities first, such as fingers, toes, ear lobes, or the tip of the nose.
First Aid: Seek professional medical help immediately. Move the person to a warm place, handle the area gently and never rub the affected area. Warm skin gently by soaking the affected area in warm water (100-105°F) until it appears red and feels warm. Loosely bandage the area with dry, sterile dressings. If the person’s fingers or toes are frostbitten, place dry, sterile gauze between them to keep them separated. Avoid breaking any blisters and do not allow the affected area to refreeze.
Hypothermia is an abnormally low body temperature and begins to occur when a person’s body temperature drops to 3°F below its normal temperature, usually below 96°F, and can be deadly. Warning signs of hypothermia include uncontrollable shivering, numbness, glassy stare, incoherence, slurred speech, weakness, or loss of consciousness.
First Aid: Call 911 immediately. Gently move the person to a warm place. Give rescue breathing and CPR as needed. Remove any wet clothing and dry the person. Warm the person slowly by wrapping him or her in blankets or putting on warm clothing. Hot water bottles or hot packs may be used to help warm, but must be wrapped in a towel or blanket before applying. Warm the core first (trunk, abdomen), not the extremities (hands, feet). Warming extremities first could cause shock, or drive cold blood to-wards the heart, causing heart failure. Do not warm the person too quickly, such as immersing him or her in warm water, as this could lead to dangerous heart arrhythmias.
DRIVING AND WINTER WEATHER
Driving in the wintertime can be extremely treacherous, especially during winter storms. Before heading out in the wintertime it is important to check the weather forecast to know what to expect for your drive. Weather conditions can change quickly in the wintertime. Forecasts can also change significantly as a storm nears. Road conditions can be checked by using the Department of Transportation website. Iowa road conditions can be found at www.511ia.org. Road conditions are also available by phone by dialing 511 or 1-800-288-1047. The National Weather Service is separate from the Department of Transportation and is not who you should contact about road conditions.
KNOW BEFORE YOU GO
vehicle winterized before the winter storm season.
● Keep the gas tank full so you are ready in case of an emergency and to prevent the gas line from freezing.
● Take a fully charged cell phone or two-way radio with you.
● Plan to travel during the daylight and, if possible, take at least one other person with you.
● Let someone know your route, and when you expect to arrive.
● Be sure to check the weather before leaving.
● Avoid travel after a winter storm as roads may still be blocked or snow may still be blowing, reducing visibilities.
PREPARE YOUR VEHICLE
In case you become stranded always keep the following items in your vehicle during winter:
Blankets or sleeping bags
● Rain gear, extra dry clothes including mittens, socks and hats
● Newspapers for insulation
● Plastic bags for sanitation
● Canned fruit, nuts and other high-energy foods. Include a nonelectric can opener if needed.
● Windshield scraper with a brush
● Sand or non-clumping kitty litter for traction
● Waterproof matches
● Metal can for melting snow. Eating snow will reduce your body temperature so snow should be melted.
● Brightly colored cloth (ideally red) to tie to antenna or put out window.
WHAT TO DO
If you do become stranded in your vehicle, here are a few tips on what you should do to stay safe and warm:
It is better to stay in the vehicle and wait
for help. Only leave in search of help if you can see help within 100 yards.
You can quickly become disoriented in blowing snow.
● Display a trouble sign to indicate you need help: hang a brightly colored (preferably red) flag or piece of fabric from the antenna or from a window.
● Raise the hood after the snow stops falling.
● Run the engine occasionally to keep warm. Only run the engine for 10 minutes every hour (or 5 minutes every half hour). This is generally enough time to keep you warm, but reduces the risk of carbon
monoxide poisoning. Make sure the tail pipe is clear and have a downwind window open slightly to allow fresh air in.
● Leave the overhead light on while your car is running.
● Do light exercises to keep up circulation. Clap your hands and move your arms and legs occasionally.
● Drink fluids to avoid dehydration, but do not drink alcoholic or caffeinated beverages.
Now Available to Fremont County Residents
Fremont County has contracted with Emergency
Communications Network to license its CodeRED high-speed notification
The CodeRED system provides County officials the ability to quickly deliver messages to targeted areas or the entire County.
I want to caution you that such systems are only
as good as the telephone number database supporting them. If your
is not in the database, you will not be called. One of the reasons the CodeRED system was selected is it gives individuals and
businesses the ability to add their own phone numbers directly into the system's database, this is an extremely important feature.
No one should automatically assume his or her phone number is included. I urge all individuals and businesses to log onto the link
above to the CodeRED Community Notification Enrollment page. All businesses should register, as well as all individuals who have
unlisted phone numbers, who have changed their phone number or address within the past year, and those who use a cellular phone
or VoIP phone as their primary number.
CodeRED allows geographically based delivery,
which means street addresses are required to ensure emergency notification
received by the proper individuals in a given situation. The system works for cell phones too, but we need to have an associated street
address to provide relevant messages.
CodeRED gives those who want to be included an
easy and secure method for inputting information. The data collected will
used for emergency notification purposes. Questions should be directed to the Fremont County Emergency Management Office,
712-374-3355 or by email at email@example.com.
Emergency Management Director
Be Ready Iowa
local emergency management officials, along with the National Weather
Service, stress the continued need and
importance of education and preparedness for severe weather that may affect Iowans. Knowing what to do in advance can
help prevent unnecessary panic and confusion when severe weather does strike. Learn the warning signals used in your
community and put together an emergency supply kit that includes a flashlight, battery operated radio, extra batteries, and
simple first aid items in a waterproof container. See www.BeReadyIowa.org, for more information on how to create a
family emergency plan and supply kit.
Lessons Learned: Natural Disasters Toolkit for Schools
In 2008, weather events destroyed parts of Iowa, including schools and other educational facilities. In order to share the
lessons learned during the tornado and floods, Iowa Association of School Boards toured devastated areas and
interviewed school staff members and board members. To visit their website and download the Natural Disasters Toolkit
for Schools or view and download a video follow this link : IASB Spotlight. Direct Links to the toolkit and video are also at
the bottom of this article.
Please note: A copy of this toolkit will be sent to each school district, AEA and community college in Iowa, and IASB
urges you to discuss it and share it with colleagues as a resource.
Please contact Mary Gannon, IASB attorney, with policy or governmental questions. Please contact Megan Hawkins,
IASB communications director, with questions about the written toolkit or Summer Evans, IASB communications specialist,
with questions about the video. Call 1-800-795-4272 or (515) 288-1991.
Natural Disasters Toolkit for Schools View IASB School Disaster Video Download IASB Video
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